The groups are led by a dominant male. So which breeds fit these needs? A. Version 2013.1. They also belong to the family Hominidae and genus gorilla. To view them in a zoo, there are many reserves and sanctuaries to host them, like the Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary. They mostly live in highland forests. Known as the world’s strangest gorillas, the Cross River gorillas are small in population and are rarely ever seen. Like all the other living beings on the planet, the Cross River gorillas are also an important part of the ecosystem. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. Gorilla gorilla diehli. Average adult female weight: 100 kg (220 lb). This restriction is most likely because humans … The Cross River gorillas reach maturity around ten years of age. Two species of gorillas live in central equatorial Africa. What are the predators of the Cross River gorillas? They usually give birth only once in four years or so because the level of infant care is very high in these Cross River gorillas. Apart from that, they are also found in the Takamanda National Park of Cameroon and the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. Why is the Cross River gorilla endangered? Some hunters will kill the parent of the baby gorilla to take them to sell, as they are easy to handle at a small size. The Gorillas of the Cross River are the most western and northern forms of the guerrillas and are confined to the forests and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border area along the banks of the Cross River. Cross River gorillas are scattered in at least 11 groups across the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles, or about twice the size of Rhode Island. 1996. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 16:05. 7 Dunn. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. Since gorillas live in tropical climates, their remains quickly disappear, consumed by scavengers and insects. They are usually found at the borders between Nigeria and Cameroon. Ln: IUCN 2013. Except for subtle differences in skull size (their heads are smaller relative to body size) … They "found several instances of gorillas throwing sticks and clumps of grass". These herbivorous gorillas will search as far as they need to go for their nutrients, even outside of their typical foraging area to get what they need. Amazing Facts About the Cross River Gorilla The Cross River Gorilla is a subspecies of the Western Gorilla. However, sources suggest that they also indulge in recreational activities like grooming. Eniang, E., December 2001. Most of these gorillas are found at a height of 1500 meters to 3500 meters in the mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests. They have also been endangered because of human activities like deforestation. The Cross river gorilla (scientific name: Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla. In Afi, gorillas travelled longer distances when consuming large amounts of fruit, while at Kagwene, the gorillas travelled shorter distances when … Red finches can form flocks of over 100 birds, The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time, What are the best dogs for city living? Seven Cross River gorillas including infants were pictured at the Mbe Mountains Community Forest in Cross River by the Wildlife Conservation Society in May and June.. Only 300 Cross River gorillas are known to live in the wild, making them the most endangered sub-species. Gorilla gorilla diehli. The myth of wild Africa: conservation without illusion. The male leader is usually responsible for taking care of the females and children of the group and also often makes the key decisions of the group like the feeding and nesting sites. Are mountain Gorillas something special? This habitat of theirs is called the Cross River basin. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. The dominant male of the group usually mates with all the sexually mature females of his group. Their gestation period usually lasts 9 months. Cross River Gorilla. The majority of these gorillas are in Nigeria and Cameroon, spread out amongst no less than 11 families. Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), according to National Geographic. Do Gorillas live exclusively in the forest? There are populations in the Afi Mountains in Nigeria, the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, in the Takamanda National Park in Cameroon, and in the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. Bushmeat Trade and Primate Conservation around Cross River National Park. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. If this gorilla species makes it down to the lowlands, they will likely find themselves in an unsatisfactory situation with local farmers that harvest bananas and plantains. Appearance. The Cross River gorilla is usually found in montane rainforest between 1,500 and 3,500 meters and in bamboo forest from about 2,500 to 3,000 meters. Applying resource selection functions at multiple scales to prioritize habitat use by the endangered Cross River gorilla. The Cross River Gorilla needs much more study before we can fully understand it. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about 12,000 square kilometers (4,633 square miles). These gorillas are very social and usually live in groups of 2 to 20. These animals are known to inhibit the most North and West regions. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. What threats do gorillas face? Indah E.K. Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. These gorillas are usually known to be peaceful. This space is called the Cross River basin. They thrive in tropical and subtropical forests that run across the equatorial belt. However, they also face a lot of threats – both from other animals as from human beings. These gorillas have long arms and a prominent ridgeline, which offers a striking contrast to the flat face and wide nostrils. The Cross River gorillas are polygamous animals. Gorilla Gorilla. The Congo River Basin has plenty of green, lush jungles which facilitate the survival of the gorillas. Still, the only time in recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was in 2006. Right now, the threat of becoming infected with Ebola and of being hunted is enough to make recovery an impossibility in the short-term. Paul Matschie, in 1904, named the cross river gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly rare. 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